Microphones, History And Manufacturers-zngay

.puters-and-Technology Technology throughout the twentieth century has given rise to the invention and further developments in the microphone industry. Many inventors would have liked to take credit, but only a few have managed to hold the patent. This article will try to sort out what’s what and make it clearer to the reader. Microphones are simply devices that convert sound waves to similar characteristics of electric impulses which is again turned to its original sound wave form through a speaker system. This word was coined by Charles Wheatstone around 1827 to refer to instruments that intensify weak sounds like a stethoscope. The technology for converting sound wave was developed by several inventors like German physicist Johann Philipp Reis with his liquid transmitter. Alexander Graham Bell used similar design for his crude telephone invention. Concurrently, Elisha Gray also made his own phone-mic but was an hour too late in his application for the similar pre-patent that was granted to A.G. Bell. In the same year, Bell .pany’s telephone demonstration was witnessed by Emile Berliner. He realized that the person at the other end had to practically scream to be heard. He came up with an idea of an improved voice transmitter for this invention. This led up to the advent of the first microphone, which he quickly patented. It improved the performance of Bell’s newly invented telephone. The Bell .pany was impressed by the invention and bought the patent for $50,000. In 1878, David Edward Hughes invented an alternative microphone using carbon granules that was loosely packed and enclosed. Although the mic was a less than an ideal transmitter, it was nevertheless an important one. His invention was improved by Thomas Alva Edison in 1886 creating the carbon-button transmitter. Eugen Reisz, AEG lab director joined by his apprentice Georg Neumann, created his .pany to create a better carbon microphone to replace the unimpressive older version. Georg Neumann came up with Reisz marble block microphone. When radio hit the masses with record .panies using new recording technology, there was a big demand for better microphones. Excited by the idea of building capacitive or condenser mics, this inventor left employment and became the founder of Georg Neumann & Co. In the year 1928 in Berlin. Neumann’s CMV3 condenser microphone came about in the year1928. It has be.e the popular device used in live broadcasting and recording studios. Earlier in the year 1916, Edward Christopher Wente invented the condenser transmitter for Bell .pany telephone. It was 100 times more sensitive than the previous model. This technology was applied to stage microphones in 1922 for its better sound capturing technology in the first ever condenser microphone. The Western Electric .pany manufactured the first .mercial condenser mic in the U.S.. Wente also made a major contribution to the technology of movies with sound.. After the World War II, there were several names that became known in the industry. Neumann U47 was by created its .pany and became the famous classic studio condenser microphone of all time. It was a large-diaphragm condenser microphone manufactured by Neumann in 1949 and until 1965 and distributed Telefunken putting this .pany’s name in the housing of its housing until 1958 restoring the Neumann logo. In 1960, this model was updated to U67. It was a versatile microphone intended for close-up as well as distant use. Its new technology has resolved the problem of proximity effect and overloading and .es with a clever switch. It has a modern-look with tapered capsule windscreen and body design. Another noted .pany was founded in 1945, several weeks after World War II by Fritz Sennheiser and .pany in Labor W – or a lab called Laboratorium Wennebostel, and was known by that name. Labor W began making microphones a year later. In 1958, Labor W became known as Sennheiser electronic. By the year 1980, it supplied headsets to Lufthansa airlines. Two years later, it developed and produced the modern wireless microphones. AKG Acoustics is an Austrian .pany founded Rudolf Gorike and Ernst Pless in Vienna in the year 1947. They began to produce headphones by 1949. By 1953, it produced its first mic, the C12. By 1960, it created the Telefunken Ela M 250 and M251 for the Telefunken .pany which needed this type of quality condenser after Neumann stopped its production of U47 for them. There is only a slight difference between this newer version and the older C12. In1925 Sidney Shure founded the Shure Radio .pany. It manufactured radio parts until 1933, expanding its line by producing microphones and other sound gadgets. It most famous creation is the SM58 that boasted of good sound, amazing durability and affordability. Advancements in technology have been abundant in the last 100 years. Post-world war birthed passion to many industries including the mic .panies. A few of these enhancements became classic pieces, and priced for their remarkable qualities. Modern .puter technology paved the way to USB devices including easy plug-in microphones for convenient sound recording. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: